Our skin is the largest organ in our body in term of both surface area (nearly 2 square yards) as well as weight (approximately 6 to 9 pounds). Skin helps to differentiate the inside parts of the body from the outer world. Moreover, it regulates the body temperature and provides protection to the body from viruses and bacteria.
Now the problems of redness, burning, itching or swelling can occur to your skin due to the conditions that inflame, irritate or clog. Several skin diseases in humans may appear due to allergies, immune system problem, generic makeup and many more. Even several types of cancer may also attack you. It is ways better to keep handful information about the common types of skin diseases in humans so that you can identify and take necessary prevention if required.
This is a common disease where the skin’s oil glands are affected. Your skin has innumerous numbers of pores that are connected to the oil glands. A substance called sebum is produced form these oil glands. When the canal between the oil glands and the pores called follicle clogs up, sebum cannot come outside and as a result pimples come out. Approximately 80 percent of all the people suffer from the problem of acne at a certain point of their life. In order to prevent the scars, early treatment with the prescription and over-the-counter drugs is recommended.
Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a quite long duration skin disease where the patients suffer from dry and itchy skin and rashes on the hands, inside the elbows and behind the knees.
Due to the allergic reaction to a food or drug, sometimes you may suffer from red and itchy bumps on your skin. This is known as hives. People, who are allergic, are more prone to be attacked by this common disease. Usually hives are cured by their own, but in severe cases, you need the medical help.
Impetigo is a common skin disease caused by bacteria where the children ageing between 2 to 6 years are attacked by this disease. When there is any breakage in the skin such as cut, insect bite or scratch, the bacteria attacks and the symptoms such red pimple-like sores come out.
Among different skin diseases in humans, one of the severe and life-threatening diseases is melanoma which is actually a skin cancer. In order to identify melanoma, you need to keep watch on moles on your body and its asymmetry shape, border, diameter and color. People, who are attacked by melanoma, need to undergo through surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy and the combination of these therapies.
When a person is attacked by the skin disease psoriasis, he or she has to suffer scaling and swelling. At the outbreak of psoriasis, people suffer from thick red skin patches with silvery scales on the elbows, knees, lower back, palms, face and other parts of the body that may itch or feel sore.
- Skin Cancer
The most dangerous type is skin cancer that is the most common type of cancer as well. Two common types of this infection are squamous cell cancer and basal cell cancer that attack hands, arms, face, head and neck.